Discuss the aspects of your chosen vulnerable population.
Discuss the reason why is this group considered vulnerable.
Discuss what are the most common communicable diseases in this population, and why.
Discuss barriers to healthcare and access to care for your vulnerable population.
Use information technology to identify resources that will improve health outcomes of the vulnerable population.
Examine evidence based practices that improve health outcomes of the vulnerable population.
Discuss how the issues this group is facing relates to the community/public health nursing.
Minimum 10/maximum 15 slides, including speaker notes, excluding the title and reference slides.
THIS IS MY PAPER WORK, I JUST NEED TO PUT IT IN A POWER POINT
Vulnerable population refers to communities and groups at higher risk for poor health due to barriers they experience in political, economic, environmental, and social resources. They are also defined as individuals who are incapable of protecting their interests. For instance, homeless persons are a vulnerable population. The paper discusses questions of homeless, vulnerable populations.
The Aspects of Homeless
One aspect of homeless individuals comprise of those who lack a regular, adequate, and fixed nighttime residence. The next aspect of homeless individuals is those who have a primary nightmare residence that is an institution that offers a temporary home for people intended to be institutionalized. Again, homeless individuals have their main nighttime residence in a public or private place that is not generally designed for sleeping human beings.
The reason why Homeless Group is Considered Vulnerable
The homeless group is vulnerable, for they are at a high threat of adverse outcomes related to health (Imran, 2016). They also have inadequate resources to use. They are also considered susceptible because they are more prone to mental illnesses.
Most Communicable Syndromes in the Homeless Population
One of the greatest communicable syndromes in homeless populace is HIV/AIDS (Badiaga et al., 2008). The reason for this is that some homeless people often exchange sex for money, which leads to the transmission of HIV/AIDS. Also, the homeless experience extensive unmet wants for healthcare, which increases the risk of HIV infection. The homeless also use shared needles to inject drugs in the streets, which lead to the spread of AIDs infection.
Another common infectious disease in the homeless population is the hepatitis B virus. The virus is widespread when semen and blood contaminated with HBV gets into the body of an individual who is not ill. Some homeless people engage in unsafe sex in their residence, leading to the spread of the infection. Also, HBV infected homeless mothers lack adequate health care and treatment, which makes children to be born with the disease. Thus, it leads to the persistence of the virus to the homeless population.
Another contagious disease that is common in the homeless is scabies. The scabies is widely spread by sharing of clothing, towels, and sheets that have been touched by an infected person. Also, the crowded places of accommodation make the homeless share the same furniture, thus, making the infection more common.
Tuberculosis is also another infectious disease that is very common among homeless individuals. The infection is spread from one individual to another through the air. Since homeless people usually sleep in overcrowded areas, the disease is easily transmitted, thus deteriorating their health. These individuals do not have a chance to evade their friends who have the infection, as they have no other place to go.
Another infectious disease is dengue, which is transmitted to persons via the bites of infective female mosquitos. Since these people live in open areas when a vector mosquito bites one of them suffering from dengue fever, the mosquito is infected. It can transmit the infection by biting other persons.
Barriers to Healthcare and Access to Care for Homeless Populations
One obstruction to healthcare and access for homeless people is personal barriers. The competing priorities and needs are fundamental barriers of a homeless individual. Homeless persons are most concerned about meeting basic needs such as water, food, and a place to sleep. Thus heath care needs are not often considered till an emergency arises. Also, mental illness and poor health are obstacles to accessing health care as the homeless do not think of attending hospitals.
The next barrier for homeless persons to access health care is the practical barriers. The reason for this is that physical access to health services particularly problematic for homeless people. Again, most homeless individuals depend on public transport to get appointments, and more often, they lack money to cater for conveyance fee to attend hospitals (Campbell et al., 2015). They also lack phone or mailing addresses to enable the physician to contact them for appointments reminders, which hinders access to care to them. Another issue to health care and access to care is medical security. Homeless persons live in fear of having the belongings removed by authorities or stolen. Thus, when the drugs are stolen, they cannot finalize their dosages and pose a challenge to health care.
Another barrier to health care and access to care is the relationship barrier. The homeless people seeking help for mental health, drug, and alcohol problems face stigmatization. They also feel stereotyped that may make their interaction with nurses more difficult. Again the homeless may feel uncomfortable interacting with the doctors because of their high social status.
How the Issues of Homelessness Individuals is Facing Relates to the Community
The health problems of homeless individuals adversely affect the community in several ways. The high rate of diseases among them is a big problem for the community as they increase the risk of them contacting some of the syndromes. Homeless individuals also have a high rate of poverty, which makes them steal from the community, thus, posing fear and suspense among the community members. Again, their dependency from the community is massive, therefore, making the community suffer more than is expected. They rely on the community for food and shelter during the rainy season.
Evidence-Based Practices that Improve Health Outcomes of the Homeless Population
The evidence-based practices that upgrade the health results of the homeless population include meta-analyses, which assist in instituting statistical significance and increase the validity of any observed differences among the homeless persons (Pierce, 2016). This practice improves their life quality, making them live longer. Another evidence-based practice for improving individuals’ health is infection-control policies (Lamb, & Joels, 2014). Practitioners play a vital role in aiding to prevent diseases before they occur by following these policies, which include maintaining the facility’s environment clean and wearing personal protective clothing.
Resources that will Improve Health Outcomes of the Homeless Population
Some IT resources that can be used to upgrade homeless individuals’ health outcomes include electronic medical systems (Health Quality Ontario.2016). They improve the safety and quality of service to homeless individuals. The resource involves a reduction in medical errors and better documentation of patients’ files.
In conclusion, homeless individuals are amongst the highly vulnerable population in the community. Thus, they should be treated with care and love to prevent them from committing suicide. They are also entitled to better healthcare services to improve their wellbeing outcomes. Most of these homeless individuals are orphans. Therefore, the government should plan their education to brighten their future lives.
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